June 25th, 2011
AGROGRAIN originate and market wheat, corn, barley, oat, oilseeds, meals and edible oils. These commodities are purchased from mills, refineries, regional merchants, silo companies, cooperatives and sometimes, directly from farmers. We buy, process and distribute grain, oilseeds and other commodities to makers of food and animal nutrition products. We also provide crop and livestock producers with products and services.
The grain trade is probably nearly as old as grain growing, going back the Neolithic Revolution ( around 9,000 BC ). Wherever there is a scarcity of land (e.g. cities) people must bring in food from outside to sustain themselves, either by force or by trade. However, many farmers throughout history (and today) have operated at the subsistence level, meaning they produce for household needs and have little leftover to trade. The goal for such farmers in not to specialize in one crop and grow a surplus of it, but rather to produce everything his family needs and become self-sufficient. Only in places and eras where production is geared towards producing a surplus for trade (commercial agriculture), does a major grain trade become possible.
Early trade was most likely by barter, and because hauling large amounts of grain around was so difficult with ancient technology, the trade was probably quite limited in terms of the volume traded and the area moved. The development of the money economy and the wheel, would have facilitated a much more expansive trade.
In the ancient world, grain regularly flowed from the hinterlands to the cores of great empires: maize in ancient Mexico, rice in ancient China, and wheat and barley in the ancient Near East. With this came improving technologies for storing and transporting grains; the Hebrew Bible makes frequent mention to ancient Egypt’s massive grain silos.
During the classical age, the unification of China and the pacification of the Mediterranean basin by the Roman Empire created vast regional markets in commodities at either end of Eurasia. The grain supply to the city of Rome was considered by be of the utmost strategic importance to Roman generals and politicians.
In Europe with the collapse of the Roman system and the rise of feudalism many farmers were reduced to a subsistence level, producing only enough to fulfill their obligation to their lord and the Church, with little for themselves, and even less for trade. The little that was traded was moved around locally at regular fairs.
Mirka Bogovića 5
Matični broj / Cégjegyzékszám / Registration number: 20711663
Poresko-identifikacioni broj / Adószám / VAT number: 106948810